Today I would like to discuss the dangers of sulfates in shampoos and the benefits of sulfate-free shampoos. The controversy of specialists about the presence of sulfates in shampoos has not subsided until now. So do they are harmful, and why you need to replace your basic hair care with sulfate-free shampoos – we understand))
sulfate-containing shampoos and sulfate-free analogs The fact that shampoos contain a large number of chemical compounds is not surprising news, but few thought about the real harm that such shampoos cause.
Sulfate-containing means traumatizing first of all the scalp, then the hair structure, and to top off the problem at a very early age, the girls split the tips. So what are sulfates, and why do they affect hair in general so negatively?
On the packages, as part of shampoo, often there are abbreviations: SLS, ALES, ALS, SLES. For example, it can be written in Latin letters sodium Laureth sulfate, which is basically the same thing. This means that the shampoo contains sulfates. In essence, sulfates are minerals, salts of sulphuric acid. They are found in nature, are part of the earth’s crust, and are naturally synthesized through various reactions.
In cosmetology, sulfates are used artificially synthesized, and in this main catch:
- SLS is a sodium laurel sulfate extracted from oil. It removes fatty contamination well. Added to powders, detergents, shampoos, toothpaste, and other body care products.
- SLES is a sodium lauryl sulfate, less harmful to sulfate than its predecessor, as it “spares” the scalp, also used to remove contaminants and fatty spots effectively.
In many women, a clean head is very often itchy.
This is because the hair becomes “defensive.” After all, the protective film has been washed off. This is a clear sign that it is time to switch to sulfate-free shampoos, as the body has accumulated a sufficient amount of “salts,” provoking peeling and irritation of the skin.
Sulfate-free shampoos have quite the opposite effect, allowing the skin to maintain its protective layer. They are, of course, more expensive and will not give such a thick and standing white foam, but the hair will be treated carefully. The composition includes natural analogs of sulfates, which wash out dirt in a gentler way. They are usually extracted from plants or glucose. Sulfato substitutes can be found in the bark of wood, coconut, milk, etc.
There is a natural question: if the function of salts in the cleansing of skin and hair, how to cope with these compounds without such substances. Sulfate-free shampoos contain natural cleansing ingredients. This replacement acts softer, more delicate. The most common types of organics are:
Betaine is a plant supplement that enhances the protective properties of hair. The source is sugar beet.
Lauril sulfoacetate is an organic substance derived from coconut or palm oil. He is a soaping agent.
Sodium glutamate is a natural antioxidant.
Lauril sulfobetaine is a natural component that forms foam.
Kokamidopropil betaine is a natural antiseptic and antistatic.
Decyl glucoside. The source is corn starch and coconut oil. Promotes a soft cleansing of the scalp and hair.
These and other natural ingredients provide careful care. But before you choose this or that option, we recommend familiarizing yourself with the specific Advantages and Disadvantages of such products. Individual approach is important. Consider the features of your hair, skin type, lifestyle, frequency of application of gels and varnishes, and other nuances.
The presence of these names suggests that the shampoo is created based on natural components, and therefore will not harm the skin. As a rule, all manufacturers of professional cosmetics include these products in their shampoos. You can find them only in specialty stores, and the price for them will be quite high.
For dry scalp, now and then, there is dander, sulfate means are not contraindicated.
Why – it becomes clear from the above written. The skin will only peel more, and once in the blood, sulfates will provoke a stronger reaction. Shampoos without sulfates allow the body to return to its natural metabolism, which will improve the work of the sebaceous glands. Especially with them, it becomes possible to use various pharmacy facilities because the probability of a chemical reaction is minimal.
But for oily hair, natural shampoos can even harm. This does not apply to all remedies, but most “natural shampoos” provoke the appearance of dandruff on the oily scalp. Here it is better to take a product with a small sulfate content to wash out excess fat from the scalp and effectively remove contaminants.
Advantages of sulfate-free shampoos
They do not irritate the scalp and are hypoallergenic
It is impossible to completely wash off the skin of the head and curls of “hard” sulfates, so many brands replace them with ingredients obtained from coconut fermentation (Coco-Glucoside, Disodium Cocoyl Glutamate, Sodium Cocoyl Glutamate). Unlike sulfates, these ingredients are easily washed away without destroying the hydrolipid balance of the skin.
Don’t wash the paint off your hair.
Particles of sulfates have a rough surface. They reveal the scales of cuticles of the hair, because of which the paints (especially non-magical, which “sit” on the surface of the hair) are quickly washed out. Therefore, sulfate-free shampoos are more useful for people who dye their hair or do lamination.
Eliminate the “push” of hair
This follows from the previous paragraph. Sulfates, revealing the hair scales, contribute to the fact that the curls are fluffy, and you look like a dandelion. After washing, sulfate-free shampoos can be dispensed without special sprays with an anti-frizz effect.
Don’t wash out keratin.
Each master after keratin straightening says that it is necessary to replace the usual hair care with sulfate-free shampoos. Since sulfates are perfectly foaming and really well wash all the chemicals from the scalp and hair, they are the enemy of keratin straightening, perms, and lamination of curls. In addition, with sulfate-free products, the result from these procedures will last longer, about five to six months.
Disadvantages of sulfate-free shampoos
Poorly washed out chemicals and do not wash away the silicone.
If you often use varnish, wax, gels, foam, and other hair styling products, then you should have a shampoo with sulfate at home. They need to wash their heads at least once a week to remove silicones and other chemical components from their scalp completely. If you don’t want to use sulfate shampoos, add peels and scrubs to your hair care to mechanically remove the remnants of silicone from your hair and scalp.
Can lead to the formation of dandruff
This is a direct consequence of the previous paragraph. If the silicones are not washed off, they block the pores of the scalp. Bottom line – follicles weaken, skin dry up, dander is formed and can increase the number of hair falling out. Another plus in the piggy bank sulfate shampoos – they better clean the scalp, reveal the hair scales, so all the care substances of balms and masks penetrate deeper. This means that the active ingredients for the fight against dandruff penetrate deeper, affecting the fungus. Sulfate shampoo once a week – must-have if you have dander.
Because of this fact, you may feel that your sulfate-free shampoo doesn’t work by cleansing your skin and hair. First, you will use more money, so the consumption of the product will increase. Second, it is not economical and not quite useful for the scalp – the lipid balance may be disturbed. To make the foam more active, spread the sulfate-free shampoo along the entire length of the curls and substitute the head for a couple of seconds under the shower. Then actively “beat” the hair to clean it from the contaminants.
Hair can get fat faster.
When switching to sulfate-free shampoos, many note that their hairstyle has lost volume, and hair quickly becomes dirty and loses luster. It is ok. First, hair needs to get used to more gentle cleansing methods. This will be the case until the ph-balance destroyed by sulfates is restored. Second, see the previous paragraph. If your hair is dirty after washing, you just put off the shampoo badly and don’t wash off all the excess fat.
To sum up, we can say that the balance must be observed in everything. If you switch to sulfate-free shampoos, then insert in your basic hair care peeling for the scalp. Otherwise, the benefit of switching to a gentle remedy will be less than harmful.